Entries by Blog Admin

Cannabis for Pain and Headaches

The use of cannabis or marijuana, for medicinal purposes is deeply rooted through history, dating back to ancient times. It once held a prominent position in the history of medicine. The father of modern medicine, Sir William Osler, published the textbook, ‘The Principles and Practice of Medicine’     In this he advocated for cannabis […]

Photosensitivity and Migraines

School holidays are upon us and many of you may have taken the kids along to see Incredibles 2.  The movie has a warning for “photosensitive conditions’, migraine is one of these, today we discuss photosensitivity in this condition, as well as other sensory triggers in our blog. Migraine is associated with altered processing of […]

What You Need To Know About Migraines in Women

Migraine is one of the most common neurological disorders and it impacts women more than men at a rate of 3:1. It is well established that sex hormones play an important role in the epidemiology of migraine. As children, boys and girls are equally affected, but the female predominance emerges after puberty which is why […]

Chronic Migraine: Neurological Diagnosis and Management

 Patients with chronic migraine represent the most severe, and disabled segment of the migraine spectrum. Specialist help, with a Neurologist who has a particular interest in Headache and Migraines, would be of benefit for most of these patients. Essentially, a patient with chronic migraine is a patient with migraine who has progressed to a very […]

Migraine and Stroke

Migraine is one of the most common neurological disorders affecting 11-15% of the population. About one third of migraineurs have an initial aura of neurological symptoms, most often a visual scotoma (blind spot). Research has shown an association between migraine with aura and increased stroke risk, although the aetiology of stroke in migraineurs remains unclear. […]

Primary Exercise Headache

Previously known as primary exertional headache, is a rare headache type precipitated by exertion. It is commonly described as a pulsating headache, on both sides of the head. Primary exercise headache is termed ‘primary’ because it’s not caused by another condition or disorder. The headache is typically triggered in hot weather or at high altitudes, […]

Hypnic Headache

Hypnic Headache (HH) is a rare primary headache disorder with an age of onset typically more than 50 years old. Women are affected more than men. They are strictly sleep related headache attacks. Because the headaches often occur at the same time at night, they have been called ‘alarm clock’ headaches. The headaches have to […]

Abuse, Maltreatment and Headache

Research has shown that sexual, physical and emotional abuse create a predisposition to headache. People suffering with migraine may have experienced abuse in early life. Significant stress occurring early in life may lead to an amplified response to stress later in life. For some, stress is the most important trigger for migraine. Migraine may also […]

What is An Occipital Nerve Block?

The Occipital Nerve is located in the base of the skull and inflammation or irritation of those nerves may cause a specific type of pain called “occipital neuralgia.” More commonly, however, those nerves serve as a site of onset upon which the pain signals that produce migraine and other types of headache travel. So, Occipital Nerve Blocks […]

Cluster Headache

Cluster headache is a severe type of one sided headache. The pain is a searing, stabbing pain, usually behind one eye or at the temple. Cluster Headache is characterized by eye tearing or redness, running of one nostril, sweating or flushing or swelling of the eyelid, these symptoms occurring on the same side of the […]

Aura with Headache

Typical migraine aura occurs before or during migraine and is experienced by about 25% of all migraine sufferers. The experience can be visual, sensory, or result in problems with speaking or word finding. Visual changes are the most common form of aura, occurring in more than 90% of those migraineurs with aura. There can be […]

What is Migraine?

Migraine affects over 13% of the global population with females 2 times more likely than males (~18 vs 10%) to suffer from the disease. An individual is said to have migraine if within his/her lifetime there have occurred 5 or more attacks of headache, each lasting 4-72 hours, severe enough to restrict routine daily activity, […]